Between the Parliament of Religions which met in Chicago in 1893 at the time of the Columbian Exposition, and World War I, Asian religions and philosophies made a significant impact on the United States, causing a profound change in thinking about them, including their relevance to the present. More so than any other religion, Buddhism became a crutch for those who, in the final decades of the nineteenth century, became disillusioned with Christianity’s claim to superiority over all other faiths. Like so many intellectuals at the time, Carus was seeking a path from the older theologies into a new secular world and its uncertain future. Through The Buddha’s Midwife, Paul Carus not only brought elements of Buddhism to the United States, but much of the Western world.
This book was written to recount the journey of one of the principal contributors to the spread of Buddhist thinking in American thought and culture. Now, reissued for the first time since its original publishing, The Buddha’s Midwife returns to excite and inspire new audiences.
Dr. John S. Haller, Jr., received his baccalaureate degree from Georgetown University (1962), his master’s from John Carroll University (1964), and his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland (1968). Before joining SIUC in 1990, he was affiliated with Indiana University, California State University-Long Beach, and the University of Colorado. A professor of history and medical humanities, and former editor of Caduceus: A Humanities Journal for Medicine and the Health Sciences, Dr. Haller’s teaching portfolio included courses in American intellectual history, Darwin and the Darwinian world, leadership and moral responsibility, and the history of medicine. He is also the author of three data sets on reform medical colleges, societies, and journals; and a data base compiling a century of student matriculation records for the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati available on the website of the Lloyd Library and Museum. His current research interests lie in the areas of medical theory and alternative medical systems. Before retiring, Dr. Haller served for twenty years as vice president for academic affairs for the Southern Illinois University System.